Academic work, best of all, is your scientific work. You must demonstrate to her the scientific objectivity and, above all, the ability of academic writing and expression. Writing in this work, it means writing for academic and scientific purposes.
Why is it important and why is it useful?
You may have wondered if you already had the opportunity to create some of the types of academic work, what will it or what will you use for yourself? Today, world-wide attitude is accepted, so that anyone who attends the University should master these skills. Academic skills give you greater flexibility when it comes to making any documents. You become trained for compiled works of a different type, which can be of great benefit to you in the future business.
Under the form of academic work are: essay, seminar work, presentation, thesis, scientific article, master / doctoral work.
How to choose a topic?
The first problem that always arises is the question that many are terribly worrying about – what should I write about? In our detailed guide to writing seminar work, we explained in detail how to choose a topic. However, here we can say that the spectrum of topics is very wide, because everything that comes under the scientific framework can be the topic of your work. It’s up to you to choose, and we can give you one advice. To make it easier for you, and at the same time make you interesting for yourself, it’s best to cross two or more areas of interest. In this way, you will narrow your theme, you will be able to increase your freedom of writing, criticizing and objectively looking, and most importantly, it will be easier to get the content you need.
Examples of the title of the topic: The Impact of Globalization on the Economy of Local Retailers, The Position of Women in the Islamic Community, Corporations and Their Politics ….
The content of your work must include:
Title – at the top of the front page we write the name of the institution (eg Faculty of Political Science, University of Belgrade); in the middle of the page stands the title itself (the title of your theme); In the lower left corner, state the name of your mentor (eg Prof. Dr. Petar Petrović); In the bottom right corner, state your name and surname; at the bottom of the page, we are obliged to write the place and year of making our work (eg Belgrade, 2017).
Summary – summarize a few sentences that cover the essence of your topic.
Keywords – keywords that are key to your topic.
Introduction – a shorter part of the text by introducing the reader into the subject; starting point towards the essence of your work.
Development – the most important and most important part of your work; In addition to quoting, here you also express your opinion, criticize and analyze.
Conclusion – your final conclusion on the topic you have dealt with, in a few sentences; It should be clear, striking, and give your opinion on the topic concerned, after all the analysis.
If you are not careful enough when writing, your work can easily be labeled plagiarism! How is that possible? Let’s first explain what is plagiarism. Copying alien text or ideas and copying copied material as your own. Other text or ideas must be separated from one’s own, and this will be achieved by quoting and guiding the source (ignorance of the author, work …).
Citing in scientific papers
It represents the use of words, ideas or attitudes of other authors in their own scientific work and this is necessary during the preparation of each scientific work. By citing, we associate our research with other research on the same topic, if there are, and should always be explored.
There are three ways to quote:
Literally – we quote other people’s words using the signs of the quotation and in the comment we quote the author.
Paraphrasing – the transmission of someone else’s words, which is not literally, i.e. we write the text of the authors that we read with our words (we change it); we do not use allegations, but we are referring to the author.
Summing up – briefing of other people’s ideas.
On the following link, read more detailed information on how to cite literature in scientific papers.
Styles of guidance
There are two sources of guidance systems:
Author-date system – in brackets, at the end of the sentence, state the author’s last name, the year of publication, and the page number from which the text or idea was taken. Example: (Petrovic, 2013: 43).
Notation system – Create footnotes (at the foot of the same page, separated by a line of text) or endnotes (at the end of the text).
Guidance on this system may vary depending on the number or number of authors quoted. When the author is mentioned in the sentence, then after the surname of the author we mention the year of publication in brackets, and at the end of the sentence, before the point, in the bracket we write the page number on which the text we are quoting is written. When the author is not mentioned in the sentence: (last name, year: page number).
In the case of 2 or 3 authors: (last name and last name, year: page) or (last name and last name, year: page)
When we list more than 3 authors, then after the first name of the first author we put “and other” (and others).
The quotation is marked in the text by a number (superscript), and then in the footnote (at the bottom of the page) the source with the page number is listed.
The display of the source can be complete (the author is given, the title, the place of publication, the publisher, the year and the number of the page on which the quotation is located) or abbreviated (only the surname of the author, the address and the number of the page where the quote is found) are given.
The first time we refer to a source should use a full view, and later we can write the same source in a shortened form.
Bibliography or literature (reference page)
It represents the guidance of all the sources that you used during your work. It is located at the end of your work, on a separate page. The bibliographic data must be given alphabetically by the surname of the author.